From the capital at Sao Salvador in present-day Angola, Kongo rule extended into portions of Zaire, Congo, Cabinda, and numerous small coastal and inland chiefdoms in Angola. Three principal art groups may be distinguished. In most cases the aim of the performance is not only to imbue religious awe or to seek ancestral protection, although these play a part, but to entertain the mourners and bring glory to the memory of the dead man and his successor. Dyed plumes are added to the top and striated horns to each corner. Depending on the ethnic group, these trials may involve physical marking such as circumcision or other body scarification without the use of anesthesia. During this period they sing songs in honour of the earth goddess and subsidiary gods. She coaches the girls who are slow in dancing, encouraging the girls to work hard.
Sierra Leone's politics have been dominated by the Mende, on the one hand, and the Temne and their long-time political allies, the Limbaon the other.
Yet they are hardly lifelike portraits: To ensure delivery to your inbox, add us to your address book. The types of animals depicted in the masks are selected not for their economic importance but for their symbolic meanings and roles in Ijo myth and ritual. Bafour people Mandinka people. The vegetation on earth is the "hair" on the head of Mother Nature in the same way the hair on the head of a woman is her "foliage.